If you export your technology and/or product constantly, the internal control program is very efficient to avoid illegal trading. You may be fined heavily for illegal trading. There are some cases that illegal exporters are prohibited to export to anywhere in the world.
In 1980's, a Japanese exporter exported military parts to Singapore without export license, knowing the final destination was Iran. They were fined 1,280,000,000 yen.
Japanese government also recommends to establish the internal control program in the ministerial ordinance.
- drafting CP, the inspection guideline and instruction guideline,
- carrying out the external inspection and
- employee training on export compliance.